Biaxial Buckling of Single-Layer Graphene Sheet Based on Nonlocal Plate Model and Molecular Dynamics Simulation

Document Type : Original Article


Department of Mechanic Engineering,university of mohaghagh ardabili


This paper considers biaxial buckling behavior of single-layered graphene sheets (SLGSs) using molecular dynamics (MD) and nonlocal elasticity theory.  Based on the MD simulations, Large-scale Atomic/Molecular Massively Parallel Simulator (LAMMPS), an open source software, is used to obtain critical buckling loads. On the other hand, governing equations are derived using nonlocal elasticity and classical plate theory (CLPT) and solved using generalized differential quadrature method (GDQ). The small-scale effect is applied in governing equations of motion by nonlocal parameter. The effect of different side lengths, boundary conditions and nonlocal parameter are inspected for aforementioned methods. Results are obtained from MD simulations is compared with those of the nonlocal elasticity theory to calculate appropriate values for the nonlocal parameter. The nonlocal parameter value is suggested for graphene sheets with various boundary conditions.